The terminology of counselling and psychotherapy get mixed up often so here is my meaning:
Counselling implies giving advice - that can be appropriate and helpful. It can be a part of psychotherapy. The tougher issues in psychotherapy, the ones that cause deep pain and suffering, are not fully subject to the kind of rational conscious control that counselling advice helps with.
Here is a recent quote about clients experiencing a lot of pain and difficulty by an eminent scientist expressing his frustration at therapists who explain and give advice: ”Psychologists usually try to help people use insight and understanding to manage their behaviour. However, neuroscience research shows that very few psychological problems are the result of defects in understanding; most originate in pressures from deeper regions of the brain that drive our perception and attention.” … Bessel Van Der Kolk, The Body Keeps the Score 2014
Sometimes, advice or counsel is really what you need, and depending on what you bring to my office, psychotherapy as I practice it might sometimes contain only a very small part of the giving of advice.